Heart Disease and Stroke Intervention Strategies

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The heart disease and stroke intervention strategies are described separately below. Each of these strategies is most effective when it is combined with other strategies. For example, changing knowledge, attitudes and beliefs will do little to increase healthy eating if there is limited access to nutritious food, facilities for physical activity or health care services in communities. Similarly, changing knowledge, attitudes and beliefs will not be as effective if there is not social support for eating balanced meals, getting physical activity or quitting tobacco use.

As described in Readiness and Preparation. it is important to make sure that the intervention strategies are created to represent and address the needs of the Population. This may include paying attention to how different groups think about heart disease and stroke and related risk factors or health conditions. For example, heart disease and stroke may be much more common in some communities; therefore, community members may believe that it is unavoidable (e.g., family history of heart disease, high rates of heart disease among friends, neighbors and co-workers). Furthermore, an intervention works best when there is an attempt to address language, knowledge level and cultural barriers (see Cultural Competence for more information).


Select one of the following intervention strategies

The purpose of your intervention is to change…

infoHealth outcomes infoBehavior infoKnowledge, attitudes, skills, and beliefs infoSocial support infoEnvironments and policies
infoCampaigns & Promotions

I

C

E

C

C

infoIndividual Education

I

E

E

I

I

infoGroup Education

I

E

E

E

I

infoSupportive Relationships

I

E

E

E

I

infoProvider Education

I

E

E

E

I

infoEnvironment & Policies

I

C

I

I

E

E = evidence supports the effectiveness of this strategy
C = evidence supports use of this strategy in combination with other strategies
I = insufficient evidence to make a recommendation


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